Where are the ovaries in women?.
Ovaries are the most important organ for the woman’s reproductive system and for her health in general. These are the sex glands that distinguish many vital hormones. So much so that, left without them due to medical indications, a person for life is dependent on drugs of replacement therapy-take at least Angelina Jolie, who went to such an operation only because of a much more serious risk of oncology. Therefore, it is important to imagine where the ovaries are in women, in order to immediately consult a doctor at the first suspicion of pain in this area.
Where are the ovaries in women normally
As the name is clear, this is a paired organ, and, I must say right away, very inconsistent-everyone has differently, and even one woman can shift, decrease or increase throughout her life.
But some boundaries of the norm for the location and size of the ovaries are still available. Changes that are not going beyond this framework do not harm. Stronger deviations are considered pathologies and require clarification of the causes and their elimination.
You need to look for these glands in the closed space of the pelvis. This is part of the abdominal cavity, limited from behind with sacrum, and in front – pubic bones. To both bones from the inside, all organs (including ovaries) are attached to the ligaments there are attached. The places where both glands lie are called ovary pits.
Where are the ovaries relative to the uterus
Ovaries are located on the sides of the uterus. To imagine that they join it with uterine (phallopium) pipes is incorrect: there is still a gap between the gap of the pipe and the gland. Each fallopian tube is above its ovary, and it is supported in the right position by three ligaments:
- Its own ligament – is attached to the side of the uterus (under the place where the pipes come from).
- Mesentery – is attached to a wide ligament of the uterus.
- A ligament hanging the ovary – attaches him to the pelvis.
The necessary vessels and nerves that ensure the viability of the organs pass in the gaps of these ligaments.
So, in a favorable combination of circumstances, the egg comes out of the ovary, gets into the fallopian tube, fertilizes with a sperm, moves through the pipe, enters the uterus, where the embryo is fixed, and after that begins the development of the embryo.
And just this position of the sex glands allows them to be at the same time: a) to be in the right place, not far from the uterus in order to fulfill their reproductive function;b) be relatively mobile, how to hang in the abdominal cavity and not squeeze the growing fruit.
Tandem from phallopium pipes and ovary – this is exactly what gynecology is called appendages, who are everyone so afraid. And not without reason. Inflammatory processes in this area, especially if they are not treated in time, lead to infertility and malignant neoplasms. Therefore, we understand further with the location of our ovary.
How are ovaries relative to other organs
Together with the uterus, appendages occupy a special place between the bladder (front) and the rectum (back). Regarding the ovaries themselves, a woman who suffered pregnancy, they will be located at a slightly more stupid angle relative to the spine. In an unbroken girl, they usually “look” with a pipe end more likely in the vertical direction.
Another detail: they are never located as beautiful and symmetrical as in illustrations. If we compare the section of the small pelvis with the length of the phallopium pipes in such a “stretched” state (along with the size of the uterus and the ovaries themselves), it becomes clear that all these organs simply would not fit in the pelvis, especially, considering that there are organs there are organsother systems.
And even most often the right ovary is harder and located below the left – this is absolutely normal. But we will talk about the size.
How to determine the projection of the ovaries from the outside
We were oriented by the mutual arrangement of ovaries and other organs, the depths at which they are in the direction from the abdomen to the back. But in practice, for us, the townsfolk (more precisely, layers), it matters: where it hurts. Higher lower? To the left, to the right? These are ordinary uterine cramps? Or maybe you are worried about the kidney?
The diagnosis is made only by the doctor, but if you guess that (at least approximately) to go to the right specialist with you immediately, you can save a lot of time, as well as see other symptoms of ovarian diseases. Which will also help the doctor to quickly diagnose and cure you.
If you look from the back, then the ovaries are at the level of 1-2 sacral vertebrae. But it’s easier to look in front. In medicine, this is called the projection of the organ on the front abdominal wall. Where is the projection of the ovary?
This is the lower abdomen: above and the left of the pubic bone (for the left ovary), or higher and right (for the right). They will be projected directly above the inguinal folds – in the same place, most likely, pain will arise in case of problems with these organs.
Another simple way to determine their location:
- Put your palms on the stomach so that the thumbs are at the navel level (connecting with the tips and forming a horizontal line).
- Connect the index fingers – between them and the thumbs you get a triangle.
- In this position, ovarian will be somewhere under your little finger. (Of course, if you are a woman.)
All of the above is suitable for the normal location of the genital glands without serious anomalies.
What size should the ovaries be normal
It is clear that strongly increased ovaries can noticeably go beyond the outlined boundaries. There are other reasons why they simply move without changing sizes: uterine prolapse, any pathologies of neighboring organs, inflammation and adhesive processes. But on the other hand, there is a change in size within the permissible.
In any case, such things are determined only. However, it is useful to know what sizes are accepted for the norm in order to understand what is written in the conclusions of experts, on ultrasound scans and in the medical card. These numbers:
- For a woman who gives a woman – 2–5.5 cm along, 1.5–3 cm in dianeage (since the organ -shaped organ, width and thickness are almost the same).
- For a woman never giving birth – 4.5 cm in length, 2–2.5 cm in section.
- For a pregnant woman – 2.2–4.4 cm in length, 2–3.5 in width, 1.8–2.5 in thickness.
- For a woman during the period of menopause – 2–2.5 in length, 1.2–1.5 in width, 0.9–1.2 in thickness.
But your values can change not only throughout life, but also throughout the menstrual cycle. They are affected by many factors, such as stress or taking hormonal drugs.
Where are the ovaries during pregnancy
In pregnant women, the ovaries not only increase – the growing uterus literally pushes them up and a little forward, and they leave the pelvis. In addition, they are very close to her. This is not scary, with the normal course of pregnancy after childbirth, everything returns to its place.
Where are the ovaries in pathologies
However, long difficult births can lead to the fact that the uterus will drop, and after it and appendages.
Sometimes one of the ovary moves behind the uterus. This condition is called bend, it should not be. This is not dangerous in itself, but it signals either the weakness of the ligamentous apparatus, or about sluggish inflammation (any pelvic organs, not necessarily sexual). You can accurately determine by ultrasound or on examination, but episodic pain in the ovary (usually one) suggests that this is very likely. They can give to the lower back, groin, buttock. Bend is easy to confuse with inflammation of the peritoneum or appendix.
Another consequence of the inflammatory process is the formation of adhesions. In general, the body in this way isolates the focus of inflammation so that it does not spread to other organs. But sometimes because of this, the sexual iron becomes soldered to the uterus. This worsens blood and reduces the chances of conception. Possible symptoms:
- The same pain at the ovarian projection.
- Uncharacteristic discharge (color changes, blood presence).
- Painful, irregular menstruation.
- Unpleasant sensations during physical activity, sex.
- Temperature increase.
- Problems with the intestines.
- Menstruation delay (two to three months) is a serious symptom that indicates that the cross-country ability of the phallopium pipes is broken.
The causes of pathological changes in the position of the ovary
In addition to all kinds of inflammations caused by hypothermia or sexual infections, the too close arrangement of the ovary with respect to the uterus can be caused by the following:
- Reception of antibiotics.
- Incorrect introduction of the Navy.
- Roubing damage after childbirth, transactions on the female genital organs.
- Anomalous cell division (cyst, endometriosis).
- Ectopic pregnancy.
In conclusion, we recall that many problems associated with the ovaries can be avoided if you regularly undergo examination by a gynecologist, preferably every year. take care of yourself!